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Family Matters, Third Edition
An Introduction to Family Sociology in Canada
Now in its third edition, Family Matters offers an enriched discussion on a variety of substantive factors affecting Canadian families across a life course. Adopting a feminist sociological approach throughout, this popular textbook explores family structures and functions through a critical, gendered lens and individually examines how issues related to gender, social change, social policy, and poverty influence family life.
A leading name in sociology, Barbara A. Mitchell takes a closer look at LAT partnerships and polyamorous relationships, and features additional material on skipped generation families, disability in families, participatory research methods, parent-child relationships, and the impact of communication technologies. Approachable and concise, Family Matters is the perfect resource for students enrolled in half-year, introductory, or advanced level courses in family sociology and gender studies.
Table of Contents
List of Boxes, Tables, and Figures
PART I: UNDERSTANDING CONTINUITY, DIVERSITY, IN- EQUALITY, AND SOCIAL CHANGE IN FAMILIES
Chapter 1: Family Matters: An Introduction to the Sociology of Canadian Families
“We Are Family,” But What Are Families?
“The Sky Is Falling”: The Family Decline Hypothesis
Evaluating the Family Decline Hypothesis: A Brief Overview of Key Socio-demographic, Cultural, and Technological Trends in Family Life
Chapter 2: Family Theory and Methods: Windows on Families and Family Research
Structural Functionalism: Families as Stable and Harmonious and “Leave It to Beaver”
Social Conﬂict, Political Economy, and Gender Theorizing: Inequality, Class, and Power Relations as Fundamental Features of Family Life
A Political Economy View on Family Life: The Family as a Unit of Consumption
Feminist and Masculinity Perspectives: Gender and the Family
Social Constructionism and the Symbolic Interaction
Perspective: Families Creating Their Own Realities
Social Exchange Theory: Relationships and Family Life as “Fair Trade”
The Family Development Perspective: A Hybrid Theory
Emergent Family Theory: The Life Course Perspective
Other Windows on Families
Which Theory Is Right? Critically Evaluating Family Theories
Family Research Methods: A Brief Introduction
Chapter 3: Canadian Families in Historical, Cross-Cultural, and Global Context
Canadian Families in Historical Context
Canadian Families in Cross-Cultural Context: The Myth of the Universal Family
Worldwide Trends: Globalization, Capitalization, Information Technologies, and Transnational Families
Chapter 4: First Families: Indigenous Peoples and Family Life in Pre-Post Confederate Canada
A Short Anthropological History of Canadian Families
The Residential School Experience
Selected Contemporary Family Trends and Issues
Redressing Historical Injustices
Chapter 5: Immigration and the Changing Ethnic Mosaic of Canadian Families Introduction
Immigration Patterns Post-Confederacy
State Policies, Immigration, and Family Life
Refugee Families in Canada
Selected Ethno-Cultural Family Trends and Issues
Future Trends: The Invisibility of Visible Minorities in the Future?
Chapter 6: More than a Labour of Love: Gender, Unpaid Work, and the Cult of Domesticity
Patterns in Labour Force Participation and the “New Economy”
Unpaid Work, the Shadow Economy, and the Ideology of Separate Spheres
PART II: THE TIES THAT BIND: FAMILY FORMATION AND GENERATIONAL CONNECTIONS
Chapter 7: Close Relations in Youth and Young Adulthood: Establishing Partnerships and Forming Families
Dating, Romance, Love, and Sexuality
Living Apart and Together: Trends in LAT Relationships and Cohabitation
“Tying the Knot”: Going to the Chapel … and I’m Going to Get Married
A Portrait of “Mixed” Unions
“Along Comes Baby”: The Transition to Parenthood
Chapter 8: Families and Children in the Early Years: Childhood, Socialization, and Shifting Ideologies of Parenthood
What Is Socialization? What Are the Key Agents of Socialization?
Theories on Childhood Socialization
Cultural Shifts in Child-Rearing Advice and Ideologies of Parenthood
Chapter 9: All Our Families: Diversity, Challenge, and Continuity in Non-Conforming Coupled Relationships
Changing Attitudes toward Same-Sex Partnerships
Ideological Positioning of Gays and Lesbians and “The” Family
Fluid and Dynamic Identities and the Prevalence of LGBTQ Families
Gay and Lesbian Couple Relationships and Patterns of Support
Linked Lives: Intergenerational Relations, Friendship Networks, and Children
The Battle Continues: Rights, Entitlements, and Challenges Ahead
Chapter 10: Family Dissolution and the Brady Bunch: Separation, Divorce, and Remarriage
Trends in Separation, Divorce, and Remarriage
Consequences of Divorce and Remarriage for Adults
The Brady Bunch or Wicked Stepmother? Consequences of Divorce and Remarriage for Children
Selected Issues in Divorce: The Law, Property Division, and Custody
Chapter 11: Families in the Middle and the Launching of Children: Home-Leaving, Boomerang Kids, and the Empty Nest
Who Is a Home-Leaver? A Mature Co-Resider? A Boomerang Kid?
The Timing of Home-Leaving and Pathways Out of the Parental Home
Leaving the Nest “Early” or “Late”: Factors Contributing to Premature or Postponed Home-Leaving
Back Home Again: Contemporary Patterns of Home Returning
Linked Lives: Implications of Leaving Home and Co-Residence for Intergenerational Relations
Chapter 12: Aging Families and the Sunset Years: Caregiving and Support across the Generations
Deﬁning Aging Families and the Elderly
Families of the Past: Golden Age or Rose-Coloured Glasses?
The Longevity Revolution and Other Socio-demographic Patterns
The Ties that Bind: Patterns of Support across the Generations
Selected Issues Facing Today’s Aging Families
PART III: FAMILIES ON THE FAULT LINE AND SOCIAL POLICY ISSUES
Chapter 13: In Sickness and in Health: Families Facing Health Challenges and the Creation of Healthy Lifestyles
The Social Determinants of Health: Why Are Some Families Healthier than Others?
Selected Health Challenges and Implications for Family Relationships
Lifestyles, Families, and Communities: A Political Economy Perspective
Health Promotion and Healthy Public Policy: Should We Target Individuals, Families, or Social Conditions?
Chapter 14: Trying to Make Ends Meet: Family Poverty, Living on the Margins, and Financial Struggle
Why Are Some Families Poorer than Others? Blaming the Victim and Social Reproduction of Poverty Arguments
Trends in Poverty and Social Groups Vulnerable to Poverty
Poverty, Negative Outcomes, and the Life Course
Chapter 15: Families in Crisis: Family Violence, Abuse, and Stress
What Is Family Violence and Neglect? Deﬁnitions, Forms, and Prevalence
Consequences of Abuse: The Ripple Effect
What Has Love Got to Do with It? Why Do People Abuse and Neglect Their Family Members?
Prevention and Intervention
Chapter 16: Families and the State: Family Policy in an Era of Globalization and Economic Uncertainty
What Is Social and Family Policy?
Selected Policy Issues Facing Canadian Families over the Life Course