Engaging ideas, transforming minds
Engaging ideas, transforming minds

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Gender and Women’s Studies provides an essential introduction to key issues, approaches, and concerns of the field. This comprehensive anthology celebrates a diversity of influential feminist thought on a broad range of topics using analyses sensitive to the intersections of gender, race, class, ability, age, and sexuality. Drawing on contemporary and classic pieces, the carefully selected and edited readings centre Indigenous, racialized, disabled, and queer voices. With over sixty percent new content, this thoroughly updated second edition contains infographics and original activist artwork; a new section on gender, migration, and citizenship; and new chapters on sex work as labour, the politics of veiling, trans and queer identities, Indigenous sovereignty, decolonization, masculinity, online activism, and contemporary social justice movements including Black Lives Matter and Idle No More. Concerned with the past, present, and future of gender identity, gendered representations, feminism, and activism, this book is an indispensable resource for students in gender and women’s studies classrooms across Canada and the United States.


  • sixty percent new content featuring diverse authors and issues
  • multiple genres and styles to engage students: scholarly articles, interviews, fact sheets, reports, blog posts, poetry, artwork, and personal narratives
  • includes Canadian, North American, Indigenous, and global content

Table of Contents


Introduction: Mapping the Terrain of Gender and Women’s Studies


Part 1A: This Is What a Feminist Looks Like
CHAPTER 1: Excerpts from Feminism Is for Everybody - bell hooks
CHAPTER 2: What’s Feminism Done (For Me) Lately? - Victoria L. Bromley
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 1: Bad Feminist Manifesto - Roxane Gay
CHAPTER 3: Anishinaabe-kwe and/or Indigenous Feminist? - Wanda Nanibush
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 2: 15 Indigenous Feminists to Know, Read, and Listen To - Abaki Be
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 3: Activist Insight: Alice Walker (1944–)
CHAPTER 4: The Historical Case for Feminism - Estelle Freedman
CHAPTER 5: This Is What a Feminist Looks Like - Shira Tarrant

Part 1B: Diversity and Intersectionality
CHAPTER 6: Why Intersectionality Can’t Wait - Kimberlé Crenshaw
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 4: The Dangers of a Single Story - Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
CHAPTER 7: The Myth of Shared Womanhood and How It Perpetuates Inequality - Mia McKenzie
CHAPTER 8: Intersectional Feminist Frameworks: A Primer - Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women (CRIAW)
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 5: Conceptualizing Intersectionality
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 6: Activist Insight: Sojourner Truth (1797–1883)
CHAPTER 9: Reformulating the Feminist Perspective: Giving Voice to Women with Disabilities - Neita Kay Israelite and Karen Swartz

Part 1C: Accounting for Inequalities
CHAPTER 10: The Question of Gender - Raewyn Connell and Rebecca Pearse
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 7: Because It’s 2016! - Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action (FAFIA)
CHAPTER 11: Conceptual Guide to the Unpaid Work Module - Marion Werner, Leah F. Vosko, Angie Deveau, Giordana Pimentel, and Deatra Walsh, with past contributions from Abetha Mahalingam, Nancy Zukewich, Krista Scott-Dixon, Megan Ciurysek, and Vivian Ngai
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 8: Unpaid Work: A Global View


Part 2A: The Construction of Sexed Bodies
CHAPTER 12: Introduction to Beyond the Natural Body - Nelly Oudshoorn
ACTIVIST ART 1: Assigned Male - Sophie Labelle
CHAPTER 13: How the Practice of Sex-Testing Targets Female Olympic Athletes - Kate Allen
CHAPTER 14: Contesting Intersex - Georgiann Davis
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 9: Defining Genitals: Who Will Make Room for the Intersexed?
CHAPTER 15: Dueling Dualisms - Anne Fausto-Sterling

Part 2B: The Making of “Difference” and Inequalities

CHAPTER 16: Women’s Brains - Stephen Gould
CHAPTER 17: Freaks and Queers - Eli Clare
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 10: Imagining Disability Futures - Alison Kafer
ACTIVIST ART 2: Alison Lapper Pregnant - Marc Quinn
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 11: On Race and Racism
CHAPTER 18: Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving? - Lila Abu-Lughod
ACTIVIST ART 3: Technicolor Muslimah - Saba Taj

Part 2C: Gender Construction and Performativity
CHAPTER 19: X: A Fabulous Child’s Story - Lois Gould
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 12: Understanding Masculinities: The Work of Raewyn Connell
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 13: It’s the Masculinity, Stupid! - Jackson Katz and Jeremy Earp
CHAPTER 20: Gender in Personal Life - Raewyn Connell and Rebecca Pearse
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 14: Transfeminist Terms and Concepts - A. Finn Enke
CHAPTER 21: Between the Village and the Village People: Negotiating Community, Ethnicity, and Safety in Gender Fluid Parenting - May Friedman
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 15: Men and Feminism - The White Ribbon Campaign
CHAPTER 22: Troubling Genders, Subverting Identities: An Interview with Judith Butler - Vasu Reddy and Judith Butler

Part 2D: The Construction of Sexuality
CHAPTER 23: Becoming 100 Percent Straight - Michael A. Messner
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 16: The Heterosexual Questionnaire - Martin Rochlin
CHAPTER 24: The Ethics of Genetic Research on Sexual Orientation - Udo Schüklenk, Edward Stein, Jacinta Kerin, and William Byne
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 17: Homophobia, Heterosexism, and Heteronormativity
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 18: The “Fruit Machine” - Sherry Aske and Trevor Pritchard
CHAPTER 25: Loving Women in the Modern World - Leila J. Rupp
CHAPTER 26: “Stand Up” for Exclusion? Queer Pride, Ableism, and Inequality - Danielle Peers and Lindsay Eales


Part 3A: Thinking about Difference and Identity
CHAPTER 27: Stereotyping As a Signifying Practice - Stuart Hall
CHAPTER 28: Undoing the “Package Picture” of Cultures - Uma Narayan
ACTIVIST ART 4: Miss Canadiana - Camille Turner
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 19: How to Know If You Are White - Mia McKenzie
CHAPTER 29: Women’s Experience of Racism: How Race and Gender Interact - Marika Morris, Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women (CRIAW)
CHAPTER 30: The Hall of Shame: Lies, Masks, and Respectful Femininity - Amita Handa
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 20: Activist Insight: Franchesca Ramsey on Microaggressions and Being an Ally

Part 3B: Histories and Legacies of Colonialism and Imperialism
CHAPTER 31: The Secret of Slavery in Canada - Afua Cooper
ACTIVIST ART 5: You Are My Sunshine - Wangechi Mutu
CHAPTER 32: Black Women Rage - Wendy Brathwaite
CHAPTER 33: The Construction of a Negative Identity - Kim Anderson
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 21: Colonization and the Indian Act
ACTIVIST ART 6: Indian Act - Nadia Myre
CHAPTER 34: Regulating Native Identity by Gender - Bonita Lawrence
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 22: Colonization and Residential Schools
ACTIVIST ART 7: Anishinaabe-kwe’s Resilience - Shirley Ida Williams née Pheasant

Part 3C: Indigenous Women: Resistance and Resurgence
CHAPTER 35: Nishnaabeg Resurgence: Stories from Within - Leanne Betasamosake Simpson
CHAPTER 36: The Braiding Histories Stories - Susan D. Dion and Michael R. Dion
CHAPTER 37: The Cattle Thief (1894) - E. Pauline Johnson
CHAPTER 38: I Am Not Your Princess (1988) - Chrystos
CHAPTER 39: “You Can’t Change the Indian Act?” - Shirley Bear with the Tobique Women’s Group
CHAPTER 40: The Eagle Has Landed: Native Women, Leadership, and Community Development - Sylvia Maracle


Part 4A: Cultural Representations and the Creation of Desire
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 23: Gender Play: Marketing to Girls - Sharon Lamb, Lyn Mikel Brown, and Peggy Orenstein
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 24: Ways of Seeing - John Berger
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 25: “Eating the Other”: Desire and Resistance - bell hooks
CHAPTER 41: Postfeminist Media Culture: Elements of a Sensibility - Rosalind Gill
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 26: Disney’s Version of Girlhood - Sharon Lamb and Lyn Mikel Brown
CHAPTER 42: The Trouble with White Feminism: Whiteness, Digital Feminism, and the Intersectional Internet - Jessie Daniels
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 27: Activist Insight: Suey Park #NotYourAsianSidekick

Part 4B: Regulating Bodies and Desires
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 28: If Men Could Menstruate: A Political Fantasy - Gloria Steinem
CHAPTER 43: Why Is America So Obsessed with Virginity? - Anastasia Kousakis and Jessica Valenti
ACTIVIST ART 8: CLITERACY, 100 Natural Laws and Άδάμας (unconquerable) - Sophia Wallace
CHAPTER 44: The Facilities - Ivan Coyote
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 29: The New Sex Ed - Forward Together

Part 4C: Beauty Projects: Conformity and Resistance
CHAPTER 45: Through the Mirror of Beauty Culture - Carla Rice
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 30: Activist Insight: Intersectional Body Activism
CHAPTER 46: Body Beautiful/Body Perfect: Where Do Women with Disabilities Fit In? - Francine Odette

Part 4D: Politics of Health: From Medicalization to Health Care Reform
CHAPTER 47: The Women’s Health Movement in Canada: Looking Back and Moving Forward - Madeline Boscoe, Gwynne Basen, Ghislaine Alleyne, Barbara Bourrier-Lacroix, and Susan White of the Canadian Women’s Health Network
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 31: Activist Insight: Our Bodies Ourselves
CHAPTER 48: Women, Disability, and the Right to Health - Paula C. Pinto
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 32: Understanding the Social Determinants of Health
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 33: How Sexism and Racism Determine Health
CHAPTER 49: First Peoples, Second Class Treatment - Billie Allan and Janet Smylie
CHAPTER 50: HIV/AIDS, Globalization, and the International Women’s Movement - Sisonke Msimang

Part 4E: Reproductive Rights and Justice
CHAPTER 51: The Women Are Coming: The Abortion Caravan - Judy Rebick
CHAPTER 52: The Coercive Sterilization of Aboriginal Women in Canada - Karen Stote
CHAPTER 53: Debating Feminist Futures: Slippery Slopes, Cultural Anxiety, and the Case of the Deaf Lesbians - Alison Kafer
CHAPTER 54: A Primer on Reproductive Justice and Social Change - Loretta Ross, Rickie Solinger, and the Population and Development Program at Hampshire College
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 34: Reproductive Rights around the World

Part 4F: Gender Violence
CHAPTER 55: Toronto and the Runaway Wives - Margo Goodhand
CHAPTER 56: The Ultimate Rape Victim - Jane Doe
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 35: Activist Insight: 10 Things Men Can Do to Prevent Gender Violence - Jackson Katz
CHAPTER 57: Digital Defense: Black Feminists Resist Violence with Hashtag Activism - Sherri Williams
CHAPTER 58: More Than a Poster Campaign: Redefining Colonial Violence - Sarah Hunt
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 36: Murders and Disappearances of Aboriginal Women and Girls - Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action (FAFIA)
ACTIVIST ART 9: Walking With Our Sisters
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 37: Every Class in Every School - Catherine Taylor and Tracey Peter


Part 5A: Gender and Global Restructuring
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 38: What Is Neo-Liberal Globalization? - Alison Jaggar
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 39: The IMF: Violating Women Since 1945 - Kavita Ramdas and Christine Ahn
CHAPTER 59: The Gendered Politics and Violence of Structural Adjustment: A View from Jamaica - Faye V. Harrison
CHAPTER 60: Women’s Labor Is Never Cheap: Gendering Global Blue Jeans and Bankers - Cynthia Enloe
CHAPTER 61: Women behind the Labels: Worker Testimonies from Central America - STITCH and the Maquila Solidarity Network
CHAPTER 62: Trump and National Neoliberalism - Sasha Breger Bush

Part 5B: Gender, Migration, and Citizenship
CHAPTER 63: Undoing Border Imperialism - Harsha Walia and Jo-Anne Lee
CHAPTER 64: Immigrant Women in Canada and the United States - Leslie Nichols and Vappu Tyyskä
CHAPTER 65: The Door of No Return - Leah Lakshmi Piepzna-Samarasinha
CHAPTER 66: Seeking Refuge from Homophobic and Transphobic Persecution - Sharalyn Jordan and Christine Morrissey

Part 5C: On (Not) Getting By in North America
CHAPTER 67: Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America - Barbara Ehrenreich
CHAPTER 68: When Sex Works: Labour Solidarity for Sex Workers Has Come a Long Way, but More Can Be Done - Jenn Clamen and Kara Gillies
CHAPTER 69: We Speak for Ourselves: Anti-Colonial and Self-Determined Responses to Young People Involved in the Sex Trade - JJ and Ivo
CHAPTER 70: Factsheet: Women and Restructuring in Canada - Deborah Stienstra
CHAPTER 71: The Leaner, Meaner Welfare Machine: The Ontario Conservative Government’s Ideological and Material Attack on Single Mothers - Margaret Hillyard Little
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 41: Ontario Social Assistance Doesn’t Meet Basic Human Needs - Elaine Power
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 42: Homelessness in Canada
CHAPTER 72: Fast Facts: Four Things to Know about Women and Homelessness in Canada - Sadie McInnes
CHAPTER 73: The Little Voices of Nunavut: A Study of Women’s Homelessness North of 60 - Qulliit Nunavut Status of Women Council


Part 6A: Feminist and Social Justice Movements in North America
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 43: Activist Insight: The Idle No More Manifesto - Jessica Gordon and the Founders of Idle No More
CHAPTER 74: Idle No More: Indigenous Activism and Feminism - Sonja John
CHAPTER 75: How a Black Lives Matter Toronto Co-Founder Sees Canada - Zane Schwartz and Janaya Khan
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 44: 9 Ways We Can Make Social Justice Movements Less Elitist and More Accessible - Kai Cheng Thom
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 45: A Sense of Place: Expressions of Trans Activism North of Lake Nipissing - Grey Kimber Piitaapan Muldoon, with Dan Irving
CHAPTER 76: The Future of Feminism - Judy Rebick
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 46: Activist Insight: This Country’s History Cannot Be Deleted - Angela Y. Davis

Part 6B: Transnational Feminisms: Challenges and Possibilities
CHAPTER 77: Transnational Feminism - Corinne L. Mason
CHAPTER 78: Defying, Producing, and Overlooking Stereotypes? The Complexities of Mobilizing “Grandmotherhood” as Political Strategy - May Chazan and Stephanie Kittmer
CHAPTER 79: How Young Feminists Are Tackling Climate Justice in 2016 - Maria Alejandra Rodriguez Acha
ACTIVIST ART 10: Puna Kuakea - Joy Enomoto
CHAPTER 80: Feminisms and the Social Media Sphere - Mehreen Kasana
SNAPSHOTS & SOUNDWAVES 47: Feminism without Borders

Copyright Acknowledgements


Instructor Resources

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